Einladung zum Vortrag im Kolloquium
Projection Operator Strategies in the Optimization of Trajectory Functionals
Prof. John Hauser
Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO · USA
Zeit: Dienstag, 27.10.
· 16:00 Uhr
Ort: IST-Seminarraum 3.243 · Pfaffenwaldring
9 · Campus Stuttgart-Vaihingen
We study the use of a nonlinear projection operator in the development of a novel function space approach to the optimization of trajectory functionals. Given a bounded state-control trajectory of a nonlinear system, one may make use of a simple (e.g., linear time-varying) trajectory tracking control law to explore the set of nearby bounded state-control trajectories. Indeed, such a trajectory tracking control system defines a nonlinear projection operator that maps a set of bounded curves onto a set of nearby bounded trajectories, which are precisely the fixed points of the projection operator. In fact, the projection operator allows one to use tangent system trajectories to uniquely parameterize a full neighborhood of trajectories. This representation allows one to show that the set of trajectories is a Banach manifold.
Furthermore, the projection operator approach provides a means for developing a Newton descent method for the optimization of dynamically constrained functionals. By projecting a neighboring set of state-control curves onto the trajectory manifold and then evaluating the cost functional, the constraint imposed by the nonlinear system dynamics is subsumed into an unconstrained trajectory functional. This equivalent optimization problem may now be attacked in an essentially unconstrained manner leading to an algorithm defined in function space that produces a descending sequence in the Banach manifold of bounded trajectories. The nature of this approach will be demonstrated using a simple example.
John Hauser received the BS degree from the United States Air Force Academy in 1980 and the MS and PhD degrees from the University of California at Berkeley in 1986 and 1989, all in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. From 1980 to 1984, he flew Air Force jets throughout the United States and Canada participating in active Air Defense exercises. In 1989, he joined the Department of EE-Systems at the University of Southern California as the Fred O'Green Assistant Professor of Engineering. Since 1992, he has been at the University of Colorado at Boulder in the Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering. He has held visiting positions at University of Padova, Caltech, Lund Institute of Technology, and Ecole Superieure d'Electricite. He received the Presidential Young Investigator award from the National Science Foundation in 1991.
John Hauser's research interests include nonlinear dynamics and control, optimization and optimal control, aggressive maneuvering for high performance motorcycles and aircraft, and dynamic visualization. Recent work has focused on the development of optimization (and optimal control) tools and techniques for trajectory exploration with an eye toward characterizing the trajectory space (with limitations) of highly maneuverable nonlinear systems. This work finds application in the control of highly configurable UAVs (with propulsion vectoring) and in the analysis of racing motorcycles.